Diabetes is a life-threatening chronic ailment that affects the body organs harshly. When your pancreas is not able to produce ample amount of insulin, the person gets afflicted with such medical condition. Diabetic patients need to strict to a healthy dietary and lifestyle regime, as it can help them lead a better life. Regular routine blood tests and periodic body check can help the patients overcome deathly symptoms of the disease.
Much more, diabetes can lead to severe health complications, such as heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, lower-extremity amputations and in many cases even death. Diabetes and Hypertension being so interlinked requires a comprehensive plan of care, and this revolves around one’s dietary habits, social and environmental factors. Several lifestyle changes like regular exercise, maintaining a moderate body weight, reduction of fat intake and high fiber diet all help to live a normal healthy life.
Diabetic complications are chronic medical conditions that begin to affect the body of the diabetic. Some of the common complications that diabetics experience are retinopathy, artery ailment, kidney damage, and peripheral neuropathy among others. The sudden spikes in sugar level hamper normal functioning of several body organs including kidney, eyes, and nerves.
Here are some of the common body organs that mostly get afflicted with diabetes:
- High blood sugar levels can have a debilitating effect on many parts of the body, with one of the most prolific areas being the eyes.
- It is important for the diabetic patients to keep their blood sugar levels within a stipulated limit. It can protect them from temporary and permanent damage to a diabetic’s vision.
- Eyes are one of the first organs that are affected by high blood sugar level and the person may experience symptoms of blurred vision.
- It mostly attacks the retina by developing small aneurysms and leaking blood. If this blood is allowed to continue to leak it will damage the retina, eventually causing blindness.
- High blood sugar level can also make the eyes swollen and affect the vision.
- Cataracts are another common eye complication, occurs when high blood sugar causes the lens of the eye to become clouded.
- Glaucoma is another condition generated by a build-up of pressure inside the eye.
- Researchers conclude the fact that almost one-fourth of the diabetic patient experience skin disorder at some point during their lives.
- As their body becomes more susceptible to fungal and bacterial infections, they are at a higher risk of suffering from diabetic blisters and dermopathy.
- Some of the other common skin problems that diabetics can experience are nail infections, boils, carbuncles, and folliculitis.
- Diabetics are also prone to suffer from fungal and yeast infections often create rashes in moist, warm areas. These infections mostly affect their fingers, toes, breasts, and corners of the mouth.
- High level of blood sugar hampers the functioning of the kidney and leads to progressive damage.
- The small filtering units of the kidneys have to really work hard to eliminate the toxic wastes and as a result, they begin to leak protein into the urine.
- Diabetic patients are also at a risk of suffering from urinary tract infections.
- Kidney failure can impose several distressful symptoms in the body like nausea, fatigue, trouble breathing, weight gain, swollen legs and puffy eyes.
- When your pancreas is not able to produce ample amount of insulin, the hormones are utilized to convert fat into energy.
- This enhances the level of toxicity in the body and the person ma gets afflicted with diabetic ketoacidosis. Some of the common symptoms of the condition are fatigue, dehydration, and excess urination.
- Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is another medical condition that can occur in diabetic patients and the person may get extremely dehydrated. If the condition is left untreated, it can also lead to stroke, heart attack and stroke.
- High blood sugar level leads to gastroparesis and it leads to the symptoms of nausea, vomiting, bloating, and heartburn.
Central Nervous System:
- Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of diabetic neuropathy when their nervous system becomes dysfunctional. It can lead to severe sweating, cold and pain in the body.
- The nervous system damage that the patients can experience is Diabetic retinopathy that leads to swollen eyes and leaky blood vessels.
- The heart and blood vessels of a diabetic patient also sometimes get affected by the blood sugar spikes.
- Due to the high level of sugar, it leads to unwanted plaque deposition in the inner walls of the blood vessels, that further leads to inflammation.
- The hindered flow of blood leads to hardening of the blood vessels called atherosclerosis.
- Diabetes also affects the functioning of the body nerves, and as a result, different body processes gets hampered like movement, digestion, and reproduction.
- Some of the common symptoms of nerve damage are excess sweating, tingling in the hands or feet and clitoris.
- The change in hormonal level during pregnancy can also sometimes lead to, so-called gestational diabetes.
- During the delicate phase of gestation, women are more prone to experience, preeclampsia or eclampsia.
- In most of the cases, the blood sugar level returns to normal after the birth of the baby.
Diabetes prevention is possible and researchers conclude that people with type 2 diabetes can overcome the complication by losing unwanted body weight. They can do it by eating healthier and getting 30 minutes of physical activity daily.